Genesis 3 – Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden
Scenes: Garden of Eden
Players: Adam, Eve, Serpent, Satan, God
(Observations and Discussion follow with invitation to share your thoughts.)
Scene 1 – Eve deceived
1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?”
2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,
3 but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’ ”
4 “You will not surely die,” the serpent said to the woman.
5 “For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
Scene 2 – Adam becomes Partner in Crime
6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.
7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.
Scene 3 – Investigation
9 But the LORD God called to the man, “Where are you?”
10 He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”
11 And he said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”
12 The man said, “The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”
13 Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”
The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”
Scene 4 – Consequences
14 So the LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life.
16 To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”
17 To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat of it,’ Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life.
18 “It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.
19 “By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”
20 Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living.
21 The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.
22 And the LORD God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.”
23 So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.
24 After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.
Observation and Discussion:
(1) It seems that the serpent was the first victim of Satan’s deceptiveness because the serpent allowed Satan to occupy and use his body in the garden, which brought consequences to the serpent. If you read Genesis 3:14 where God deals with the serpent, one must assume that in the beginning the serpent looked very different than after the curse was imposed. Before the curse the serpent may have stood upright on two legs or walked on four legs. It did not crawl on its belly and eat dust before its encounter with Eve.
(2) Satan suffered personal consequences, some of which have yet to be enforced. Genesis 3:15 deals with Satan’s judgment and reveals for the first time God’s plan of redemption of mankind. The serpent (Satan) will bruise his heel (the heel of Jesus Christ) and the seed of the woman (Jesus Christ) will crush the serpent’s head (Satan’s head). Footnotes 2 and 3, 2 Corinthians 11:3 and Revelation 20:2, show that Satan is called a serpent, a dragon, etc., by the Word of God. Obviously, snakes, serpents, etc., are creatures in our world today and are not inhabited by Satan. They are his creatures like all others. After Satan’s use of the serpent, Satan, the Devil, was referred to as the serpent and the dragon in the Word of God. Jesus, our Savior, is referred to as The Lion of the Tribe of Judah in the Word of God. Symbolic terminology is frequently used in the Bible.
(3) Satan, in the form of the serpent, lied to Eve and deceived her. Eve was held responsible even though she was deceived.
(4) Adam was not deceived, according to 1 Timothy 2:14 (footnote 1). This means that Adam entered into sin with his eyes open.
(5) Could this be how Adam knew what happened to his beloved Eve? As Eve sinned first, immediately her spirit died, and perhaps Adam could see the evidence of it. Apparently, without righteousness, Eve appeared naked. Perhaps Adam saw her nakedness the moment she ate the forbidden fruit. This may be how Adam knew for certain that what God said was true because Eve was then different. The Bible merely tells us that Adam was not deceived. Why do you think Adam decided to eat the forbidden fruit since the Bible says he wasn’t deceived?
(6) Adam and Eve needed covering. Before sin, they were both righteous and needed no covering. Adam may have been horrified by what he saw when Eve first ate the fruit. Maybe he was not willing to lose Eve. Maybe he sacrificed his own wellbeing to be with her. We are not told why Adam did what he did, but we know what he did. And, when he did it, immediately he suffered the consequences along with Eve. Both of them were found naked and needed a covering, which God provided for them in Chapter 21. God always provides for us.
- I Timothy 2:14 says: And Adam was not the one deceived…
- II Corinthians 11:3 says: But I am afraid that just as Eve was deceived by the serpent’s cunning, your minds may somehow be led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Christ.
- Revelations 20:2 says: He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. (Coming attractions!)
- John 8:44 says: Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
Please feel free to share your thoughts about the account of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. My thoughts are expressed above in Observations and Discussion. The Bible says that God knew from the foundation of the world that we would need a Savior and His plan to save us was in place even before we needed it.